Light Probes provide a way to capture and use information about light that is passing through the empty space in your sceneA Scene contains the environments and menus of your game. Think of each unique Scene file as a unique level. In each Scene, you place your environments, obstacles, and decorations, essentially designing and building your game in pieces. More info See in Glossary.
Similar to lightmapsA pre-rendered texture that contains the effects of light sources on static objects in the scene. Lightmaps are overlaid on top of scene geometry to create the effect of lighting. More info See in Glossary, light probes store “baked” information about lighting in your scene. The difference is that while lightmaps store lighting information about light hitting the surfaces in your scene, light probes store information about light passing through empty space in your scene.
Light Probes have two main uses:
The primary use of light probes is to provide high quality lighting (including indirect bounced light) on moving objects in your scene.
The secondary use of light probes is to provide the lighting information for static scenery when that scenery is using Unity’s LOD system.
When using light probes for either of these two distinct purposes, many of the techniques you need to use are the same. It’s important to understand how light probes work so that you can choose where to place your probes in the scene.