Version: 2022.3
Language : English
Shader variants
Shader keywords

Check how many shader variants you have

You can use logging and profiling tools to check how many shaderA program that runs on the GPU. More info
See in Glossary
variants Unity compiles, and identify ways you can remove (strip) variants to improve build times and reduce memory usage. You can do the following:

Get a list of shader variants the Editor uses

You can generate a list of shader variants that the Editor uses in the SceneA Scene contains the environments and menus of your game. Think of each unique Scene file as a unique level. In each Scene, you place your environments, obstacles, and decorations, essentially designing and building your game in pieces. More info
See in Glossary
view and the Game view. To do this:

  1. Go to Edit > Project Settings > Graphics.
  2. Under Shader Loading, you can see how many shaders and shader variants you have next to Currently tracked:.
  3. Select Save to asset… to create a shader variant collection asset.

Get a list of shader variants Unity creates at build time

After you build your project, open the Editor.log log file and search for Compiling shader to see which variants Unity compiles and strips. For example:

Compiling shader "Universal Render Pipeline/Lit" pass "ForwardLit" (fp)
320 / 786432 variants left after stripping, processed in 6.77 seconds
starting compilation...
finished in 29.72 seconds. Local cache hits 202 (0.24s CPU time), remote cache hits 0 (0.00s CPU time), compiled 118 variants (582.41s CPU time), skipped 0 variants

If you’re using the Universal Render Pipeline (URP) or the High Definition Render Pipeline (HDRP), you can also log how many variants Unity compiles and strips in total. Select a logging level other than Disabled under Shader Stripping > Shader Variant Log Level in the following:

This adds Total logging to Editor.log. For example:

STRIPPING: Universal Render Pipeline/Lit (ForwardLit pass) (Fragment) - Remaining shader variants = 640/5760 = 11.11111% - Total = 2657/10169 = 26.12843%

See log files for the location of Editor.log.

Get a list of shader variants Unity compiles at runtime

  1. Go to Edit > Project Settings > Graphics.
  2. Under Shader Loading, enable Log Shader Compilation.
  3. When you build your project, enable Development BuildA development build includes debug symbols and enables the Profiler. More info
    See in Glossary
    in the build settings.
  4. In the Console WindowA Unity Editor window that shows errors, warnings and other messages generated by Unity, or your own scripts. More info
    See in Glossary
    , select Editor and enable Full Log [Developer Mode Only].
  5. Start the application you built.

Unity prints a Compiled shader message in the Console Window when it compiles a shader for the GPU.

Check how much memory shaders use at runtime

Use the Memory Profiler module or the Memory Profiler package to check how much memory shaders are using at runtime. If a shader uses a lot of memory, you can experiment with stripping its variants.

Highlight missing shaders at runtime

In Unity 2022.2 and above, you can force Unity to show a pink error shader during runtime, when a Material tries to use a missing shader variant.

  1. Go to Edit > Project Settings > Player.
  2. Under Other Settings, in the Shader Settings section, select Strict shader variant matching.

You can also enable this in C# scriptsA piece of code that allows you to create your own Components, trigger game events, modify Component properties over time and respond to user input in any way you like. More info
See in Glossary
using strictShaderVariantMatching.

When you do this, Unity shows a warning in the console with the missing variant and its keywords. You can use this during stripping to check you don’t remove shader variants your project needs.

Shader variants
Shader keywords
Copyright © 2023 Unity Technologies
优美缔软件(上海)有限公司 版权所有
"Unity"、Unity 徽标及其他 Unity 商标是 Unity Technologies 或其附属机构在美国及其他地区的商标或注册商标。其他名称或品牌是其各自所有者的商标。