Version: 2020.3
Custom scripting symbols

Conditional Compilation

Unity’s support for the C# language includes the use of directives, which allow you to selectively include or exclude code from compilation, based on whether certain scripting symbols are defined or not defined.

You can read more broadly about how these directives work in C# on the Microsoft C# preprocessor directives page.

Unity has a range of built-in scripting symbols which represent options that you can use in your scripts to selectively include or exclude portions of code from compilation.

For example, the built-in scripting symbol that is set when a player is built for Windows standalone platform is UNITY_STANDALONE_WIN. You can check whether this symbol is defined using a special type of if statement, as follows:


  Debug.Log("Standalone Windows");


The hash (#) character in front of the if and endif indicates that these statements are “directives”, and are handled during the compilation process, rather than at runtime.

Therefore in the above example, the Debug line is only included for compilation in the Windows standalone build of the project. It is omitted entirely when compiled in the Editor, or in other target builds. This is different to using a regular if .. then .. else structure, which would only bypass the execution of certain portions of code at run time. See further below for full examples.

There are a number of built-in scripting symbols which allow you to selectively compile or omit code based on the selected Platform, the Editor Version, and other miscellaneous system environment scenarios. These built-in scripting symbols are listed below.

In addition, you can define your own scripting symbols either using the Editor UI, via scripting, or via an asset file, which allows you to control compilation of portions of your code based on arbitrary definitions. See Custom scripting symbols for more information.

Note: Scripting symbols are sometimes referred to as “define symbols”, “preprocessor defines”, or just “defines”.

Platform scripting symbols

Unity automatically defines certain scripting symbols based on the authoring and build target platform. These are as follows:

Define 功能
UNITY_EDITOR Scripting symbol to call Unity Editor scripts from your game code.
UNITY_EDITOR_WIN Scripting symbol for Editor code on Windows.
UNITY_EDITOR_OSX Scripting symbol for Editor code on Mac OS X.
UNITY_EDITOR_LINUX Scripting symbol for Editor code on Linux.
UNITY_STANDALONE_OSX Scripting symbol to compile or execute code specifically for Mac OS X (including Universal, PPC and Intel architectures).
UNITY_STANDALONE_WIN Scripting symbol for compiling/executing code specifically for Windows standalone applications.
UNITY_STANDALONE_LINUX Scripting symbol for compiling/executing code specifically for Linux standalone applications.
UNITY_STANDALONE Scripting symbol for compiling/executing code for any standalone platform (Mac OS X, Windows or Linux).
UNITY_WII Scripting symbol for compiling/executing code for the Wii console.
UNITY_IOS Scripting symbol for compiling/executing code for the iOS platform.
UNITY_ANDROID Scripting symbol for the Android platform.
UNITY_PS4 Scripting symbol for running PlayStation 4 code.
UNITY_XBOXONE Scripting symbol for executing Xbox One code.
UNITY_LUMIN Scripting symbol for the Magic Leap OS platform. You can also use PLATFORM_LUMIN.
UNITY_TIZEN Scripting symbol for the Tizen platform.
UNITY_TVOS Scripting symbol for the Apple TV platform.
UNITY_WSA Scripting symbol for Universal Windows Platform. Additionally, NETFX_CORE is defined when compiling C# files against .NET Core and using .NET scripting backend.
UNITY_WSA_10_0 Scripting symbol for Universal Windows Platform. Additionally WINDOWS_UWP is defined when compiling C# files against .NET Core.
UNITY_ANALYTICS Scripting symbol for calling Unity Analytics methods from your game code. Version 5.2 and above.
UNITY_ASSERTIONS Scripting symbol for assertions control process.
UNITY_64 Scripting symbol for 64-bit platforms.

Editor version Scripting symbols

Unity automatically defines certain scripting symbols based on the version of the Editor that you are currently using.

Given a version number X.Y.Z (for example, 2019.4.14), Unity exposes three global scripting symbols in the following formats: UNITY_X, UNITY_X_Y and UNITY_X_Y_Z.

Here is an example of scripting symbols exposed in Unity 2019.4.14:

Define 功能
UNITY_2019 Scripting symbol for the release version of Unity 2019, exposed in every 2019.Y.Z release.
UNITY_2019_4 Scripting symbol for the major version of Unity 2019.4, exposed in every 2019.4.Z release.
UNITY_2019_4_14 Scripting symbol for the minor version of Unity 2019.4.14.

You can also compile code selectively based on the earliest version of Unity required to compile or execute a given portion of code. Given the same version format as above (X.Y), Unity exposes one global #define in the format UNITY_X_Y_OR_NEWER, that you can use for this purpose.

Other scripting symbols

The other scripting symbols Unity defines are:

Define 功能
CSHARP_7_3_OR_NEWER 在构建支持 C# 7.3 或更高版本的脚本时定义。
ENABLE_MONO 用于 Mono 的脚本后端 #define。
ENABLE_IL2CPP 用于 IL2CPP 的脚本后端 #define。
NET_2_0 在 Mono 和 IL2CPP 上根据 .NET 2.0 API 兼容性级别构建脚本时定义。
NET_2_0_SUBSET 在 Mono 和 IL2CPP 上根据 .NET 2.0 Subset API 兼容性级别构建脚本时定义。
NET_LEGACY 在 Mono 和 IL2CPP 上根据 .NET 2.0 或 .NET 2.0 Subset API 兼容性级别构建脚本时定义。
NET_4_6 在 Mono 和 IL2CPP 上根据 .NET 4.x API 兼容性级别构建脚本时定义。
NET_STANDARD_2_0 在 Mono 和 IL2CPP 上根据 .NET 标准 2.0 API 兼容性级别构建脚本时定义。
ENABLE_WINMD_SUPPORT 在 IL2CPP 上启用 Windows 运行时支持时定义。有关更多详细信息,请参阅 Windows 运行时支持
ENABLE_INPUT_SYSTEM 在 Player Settings 中启用 Input System 包时定义。
ENABLE_LEGACY_INPUT_MANAGER 在 Player Settings 中启用旧版 Input Manager 时定义。
UNITY_SERVER Defined when the Server Build setting is enabled in Build Settings
DEVELOPMENT_BUILD Defined when your script is running in a player which was built with the “Development Build” option enabled.

Testing precompiled code


首先,通过 File > Build Settings 选择要测试代码的平台。随后将显示 Build Settings 窗口;从此处选择目标平台。

在 Build Settings 窗口中选择PC, Mac & Linux作为目标平台
在 Build Settings 窗口中选择“PC, Mac & Linux”作为目标平台

选择要测试预编译代码的平台,然后单击 Switch Platform 向 Unity 告知您所需的目标平台。


using UnityEngine;
using System.Collections;

public class PlatformDefines : MonoBehaviour {
  void Start () {

      Debug.Log("Unity Editor");

    #if UNITY_IOS

    Debug.Log("Stand Alone OSX");

      Debug.Log("Stand Alone Windows");


To test the code, click Play Mode. Confirm that the code works by checking for the relevant message in the Unity console, depending on which platform you selected - for example, if you choose iOS, the message “Unity iOS” is set to appear in the console.

在 C# 中,可使用 CONDITIONAL 属性,这是一种更简洁、更不容易出错的函数剥离方式。请参阅 ConditionalAttribute 类以了解更多信息。 请注意,常见的 Unity 回调(例如:Start()、Update()、LateUpdate()、FixedUpdate()、Awake())不受此属性的影响,因为它们是直接从引擎调用的,并且出于性能原因,此属性不会考虑它们。

除了基本的 #if 编译器指令外,还可在 C# 中使用多路测试:


    Debug.Log("Unity Editor");


    Debug.Log("Unity iOS");


    Debug.Log("Any other platform");

Custom scripting symbols
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