To provide flexibility when you author a particle systemA component that simulates fluid entities such as liquids, clouds and flames by generating and animating large numbers of small 2D images in the scene. More info
See in Glossary, Unity offers two solutions to choose from. If your Project targets platforms that support Compute Shaders, Unity allows you to use both at the same time. The two particle system solutions are:
|Feature||Built-in Particle System||Visual Effect Graph|
|Render PipelineA series of operations that take the contents of a Scene, and displays them on a screen. Unity lets you choose from pre-built render pipelines, or write your own. More info
See in Glossary compatibility
|Built-in Render Pipeline, Universal Render Pipeline, High Definition Render Pipeline||Universal Render Pipeline, High Definition Render Pipeline|
|Feasible number of particles||Thousands||Millions|
|Particle system authoring||Simple modular authoring process that uses the Particle System component in the InspectorA Unity window that displays information about the currently selected GameObject, asset or project settings, allowing you to inspect and edit the values. More info
See in Glossary. Each module represents a predefined behavior for the particle.
|Highly customizable authoring process that uses a graph view.|
|Physics||Particles can interact with Unity’s underlying physics system.||Particles can interact with specific elements that you define in the Visual Effect Graph. For example, particles can interact with the depth bufferA memory store that holds the z-value depth of each pixel in an image, where the z-value is the depth for each rendered pixel from the projection plane. More info
See in Glossary.
|Script interaction||You can use C# scripts to fully customize the Particle System at runtime. You can read from and write to each particle in a system, and respond to collisionA collision occurs when the physics engine detects that the colliders of two GameObjects make contact or overlap, when at least one has a Rigidbody component and is in motion. More info
See in Glossary events. The Particle System component also provides playback control API. This means that you can use scripts to play and pause the effect, and simulate the effect with custom step sizes.
|You can expose graph properties and access them through C# scripts to customize instances of the effect. You can also use the Event Interface to send custom events with attached data that the graph can process. The Visual Effect component also provides playback control API. This means that you can use scripts to play and pause the effect, and simulate the effect with custom step sizes.|
|Frame buffers||No||In the High Definition Render Pipeline, provides access to the color and depth buffer. For example, you can sample the color buffer and use the result to set particle color, or you can use the depth buffer to simulate collisions.|