email@example.com 包，因此 timeline 包是一个“间接”依赖项。另一方面，该项目依赖于
When you add a package version as a dependency, that version is not necessarily the version that the Package Manager installs, because it has to consider all of the dependencies in your project, whether direct or indirect. For example, in this case, the Settings Manager package requested was version 1.0.1, but the installed version is actually version 1.0.3 because another package depended on the higher version, as indicated in the information message (A):
The Package Manager can only install one package version at a time, so it has to construct a dependency graph, which is a list of every direct and indirect dependency for the project. The dependency graph determines which version of each package to install.
When the Package Manager successfully resolves all version conflicts, it saves the resolution in a lock file to ensure determinism (so that the same packages are reliably installed every time), and to reduce the amount of time and resources it takes to compute the dependency graph again.