Version: 2021.3
Unity 中 UI 系统的对比
Get started with UI Toolkit

UI 工具包

UI Toolkit is a collection of features, resources, and tools for developing user interface (UI). You can use UI Toolkit to develop custom UI and extensions for the Unity Editor, runtime debugging tools, and runtime UI for games and applications.

UI Toolkit is inspired by standard web technologies. If you have experience developing web pages or applications, your knowledge is transferable and the core concepts are familiar.

Note: Unity recommends you to use UI Toolkit for your new UI development projects. However, Unity UI (uGUI) and IMGUI are appropriate for certain use cases, and are required to support deprecated projects. For more information, see the Comparison of UI systems in Unity.

UI system

UI 工具包的核心是一种保留模式的 UI 的系统,基于公认的 Web 技术。它支持样式表以及动态和上下文事件处理。

UI 系统包括以下功能:

  • Visual tree: An object graph, made of lightweight nodes, that holds all the elements in a window or panel. It defines every UI you build with the UI Toolkit.
  • Controls: A library of standard UI controls such as buttons, popups, list views, and color pickers. You can use them as is, customize them, or create your own controls.
  • Data binding system: A system links properties to the controls that modify their values.
  • 布局引擎基于 CSS Flexbox 模型的布局系统。它根据布局和样式属性定位元素。
  • Event System: A system communicates user interactions to elements, such as input, touch and pointer interactions, drag-and-drop operations, and other event types. The system includes a dispatcher, a handler, a synthesizer, and a library of event types.
  • UI 渲染器:直接构建在 Unity 图形设备层之上的渲染系统。
  • UI Toolkit Runtime Support: A set of components to create runtime UI.

UI assets

Use the following asset types to build UI similar to how you develop web applications:

  • UXML documents: HTML and XML inspired markup language defines the structure of UI and reusable UI templates. Although you can build interfaces directly in C# files, Unity recommends using UXML documents if possible.
  • Unity Style Sheets (USS): Style sheets apply visual styles and behaviors to UI. They’re similar to Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) used on the web, and support a subset of standard CSS properties. Although you can apply styles directly in C# files, Unity recommends using USS files if possible.

UI tools and resources

Use the following tools to create and debug your interfaces, and learn how to use the UI Toolkit:

  • UI Debugger: A diagnostic tool that resembles a web browser’s debugging view. Use it to explore a hierarchy of elements and get information about its underlying UXML structure and USS styles. You can find it in the Editor under Window > UI Toolkit > Debugger.
  • UI Builder: A UI tool lets you visually create and edit UI Toolkit assets such as UXML and USS files.
  • UI Samples: A library of code samples for UI controls that you can view in the Editor under Window > UI Toolkit > Samples.
Unity 中 UI 系统的对比
Get started with UI Toolkit
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