Version: 2021.3
Language : English
Box Collider 2D
Edge Collider 2D

Polygon Collider 2D reference

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The Polygon ColliderAn invisible shape that is used to handle physical collisions for an object. A collider doesn’t need to be exactly the same shape as the object’s mesh - a rough approximation is often more efficient and indistinguishable in gameplay. More info
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is a Collider 2D component that interacts with the 2D physics system. It’s shape is a freeform edge of line segments that you can adjust to fit the shape of a spriteA 2D graphic objects. If you are used to working in 3D, Sprites are essentially just standard textures but there are special techniques for combining and managing sprite textures for efficiency and convenience during development. More info
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or any other shape. Note: The edge must enclose an area for the collider to work.

Property Description
Edit Collider Select this to edit the collider’s geometry by editing and moving its vertices.
Material Select the Physics Material 2DUse to adjust the friction and bounce that occurs between 2D physics objects when they collide More info
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that determines properties of collisionsA collision occurs when the physics engine detects that the colliders of two GameObjects make contact or overlap, when at least one has a Rigidbody component and is in motion. More info
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, such as friction and bounce.
Is Trigger Enable this if you want this Collider 2D to behave as a trigger. The physics system ignores this Collider when this is enabled.
Used by Effector Enable this if you want the Collider 2D to be used by an attached Effector 2D.
Used by Composite Enable this if you want this Collider to be used by an attached Composite Collider 2D.

Note: When you enable Used by Composite, other properties disappear from the Box Collider 2D component as they are now controlled by the attached Composite Collider 2D. The properties that disappear from the Box Collider 2D are Material, Is Trigger, Used By Effector, and Edge Radius.
Auto Tiling Enable this if the Sprite RendererA component that lets you display images as Sprites for use in both 2D and 3D scenes. More info
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component for the selected Sprite has the Draw Mode set to Tiled. This enables automatic updates to the shape of the Collider 2D, allowing the shape to automatically readjust when the Sprite’s dimensions change. If you don’t enable Auto Tiling, the Collider 2D geometry doesn’t automatically repeat.
Offset Set the local offset values of the Collider 2D geometry.
Points Expand to view information about the complexity of the generated collider.
Info Expand for read-only physics system related information about the collider.

Edit the collider’s geometry

You can edit a collider’s geometry manually or have Unity generate its shape automatically. Unity automatically generates a collider’s geometry when you drag a sprite into the sceneA Scene contains the environments and menus of your game. Think of each unique Scene file as a unique level. In each Scene, you place your environments, obstacles, and decorations, essentially designing and building your game in pieces. More info
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and add a Collider 2D component to it. The generated collider shape matches the outline of the sprite as close as possible.

To edit the collider’s shape:

  1. Select Edit Collider in the Inspector window to edit the collider’s geometry. You can also access the collider’s editing mode from the Tools overlay in the Scene view window.
  2. To move an existing vertex, select and hold it, then move it to a new location.
  3. To create a new vertex, hover your cursor over the outline of the collider’s shape. A dot shows the position of the cursor on the collider’s geometry. Click on the dot to create a new vertex at that position.
  4. To remove a vertex, hold Ctrl (macOS:Cmd) while hovering your cursor over the edges of the collider’s geometry, which turn red. Click the red edges to remove the vertex that connects them.
  5. Exit the collider editing mode by selecting Edit Collider in the InspectorA Unity window that displays information about the currently selected GameObject, asset or project settings, allowing you to inspect and edit the values. More info
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    window or Tools overlay again.


Box Collider 2D
Edge Collider 2D
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